Preference Utilitarianism

Preference utilitarianism aims to maximise the satisfaction of individual preferences.

Peter Singer explains the equal consideration of interests principle when compared to Bentham’s and Mill’s classical utilitarian precept:

“The way of thinking I have outlined is a form of utilitarianism. It differs from classical utilitarianism in that ‘best consequences’ is understood as meaning what, on balance, furthers the interests of those affected, rather than merely what increases pleasure and reduces pain. (It has, however, been suggested that classical utilitarians like Bentham and John Stuart Mill used ‘pleasure’ and ‘pain’ in a broad sense that allowed them to include achieving what one desired as a ‘pleasure’ and the reverse as a ‘pain’).”

Singer views this far more recent version of utilitarianism as more flexible, while further seeing it as a response to a criticism often levelled against Bentham’s felicific calculus, the objection stemming from the difficulty in determining a specific amount of happiness from an individual’s mental state (a subjective evaluation).
Read this article in full, by Emilie Dardenne (Universite de Rennes II) from La Revue d’études benthamiennes 

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