Answers to these points can be found in the HANDOUT on Kant.
Immanuel Kant claimed he had produced a Copernican revolution in ethics similar to Newton’s revolution in science. What do you think?
Phenomenal/ noumenal dualist worldview
Kant opposed Hume’s view that “reason is the slave of the passions”. Why? (Clue: autonomous means having no other influences than reason).
Explain why Kant believed “the only good thing is the good will”
The a priori synthetic
All moral statements are a priori synthetic, meaning that …
The categorical imperative is a priori synthetic because …
Example of a categorical imperative
Example of hypothetical imperative
How does this explain why Kant is fundamentally opposed to utilitarian ethics?
Three formulations of the categorical imperative
Why might these be described as laying down criteria for reasonableness?
Why might these be described as “universal objective truths in the noumenal world”?
How does the categorical imperative (CI) define a bad action?
Explain Kant’s example of the promise maker who lies
Explain Kant’s example of the person who says “I won’t help my neighbour in need”.
What is Kant’s example of the crazy knifeman? Explain how this illustrates the problems of following the CI, rather than looking at the situation.
Three main strengths of Kantian Ethics:
Three main weaknesses:
The Milgram experiment was reproduced in the 1979 ...
Here is an OCR mark scheme (Jan 2011 AS Q2) (a)...
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